Introduction to the KLoWF

Introduces overall content of the KLoWF,
survey areas and methods

homeHomeIntroductionOverview of the KLoWF

KLoWFKorean Longitudinal Survey of
Women and Families

It is essential to establish a longitudinal database of women's lives for the establishment and evaluation of policies on women based on a multifaceted analysis of their economic activities and family life. Establishment of longitudinal database in a panel form plays a crucial role in precisely and exactly estimating the effect of policy tools by controlling unobserved heterogeneity of female individuals. It is also instrumental in estimating policy effectiveness through the application of various techniques of longitudinal statistical analysis and in designing diverse policies which can be effectively applied to policy target groups.

Since its launch of the KLoWF project in 2006, Korea Women's Development Institute has built a panel of 9,997 women aged from 19 to 64 who live in 9,068 households across the nation. As for the panel survey, the first, second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth wave main survey were completed in 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014 and 2016 respectively.

The main survey comprises questionnaires for households, individuals and jobs, which make a survey of women's economic activities, family life, family values, health and so forth based on three major survey areas of family, work and daily lives.

Structure of main KLoWF question items

  • 1. Moving residences
  • 2. Change in economically
    active population
  • 3. Reasons for changes(voluntary)
  • 4. Change in income, wage
  • 5. Change in scope of Family
  • 6. Health issues
  • 7. Change in leisure activity
  • Family member
  • Sharion housework
  • Decision making
  • Childcare and work
  • Job characteristics
  • Job satisfaction
  • Discrimination
  • Maternity
  • protection system
Daily Life
가족이 일상생활에 미치는 영향
  • Family values / thoughts
  • Attitude toward gender role
  • Value on work
일이 일상생활에 미치는 영향
  • Family & households
  • Education
  • Income & assets
Questionnaire for
  • Household members and family
  • Housing status
  • Household income
  • Assets and debts (order changed)
  • Household expenditures
Questionnaire for
  • Respondent's growing up and school life
  • Marital status
  • Questions about marital status
  • First job experience
  • Job experience at the first marriage
  • Husband's job
  • Pregnancy, childbirth, and children
  • Job experience at childbirth
  • Disabled or long-term patients
  • Personal characteristics/leisure life
  • Housework
  • Marriage and marital life
  • Relationship with children and parents
  • Relationship with siblings
  • Family values
  • Female Health
  • Retirement life (order changed)
Questionnaire for
  • Current economic activities
  • Special-type worker
  • Wage worker
  • Currently unemployed
  • Non-wage worker
  • Job-hunting experience
  • Additional jobs
  • Education and training
  • Previous jobs
  • Work and family life
  • Job satisfaction
  • Social insurance
  • Discrimination
  • Maternity protection system
    (order and content changed)

Subjects of the survey

9,068 households selected from households which have women aged from 19 to 64 among general households nationwide the enumeration districts(EDs) (excluding island areas but including Jeju Island)

Original samples include 9,997 women aged from 19 to 64 who live in the selected households.

Cycle of the survey

The first wave survey(2007) and second wave survey(2008) were conducted every year, but subsequent surveys have been made every other year.

Method of the survey

Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing(CAPI)